XSENSOR® has a comprehensive list of references and/ or articles covering pressure imaging topics.

Song, H. Zhang, J. et al (2012) Volume 27, Pages 57-60, Journal of Tianjin University of Science & Technology. Through studying the effect of seat size parameter changes on body pressure distribution, this research aimed to provide some reference for comfortable office chair designing. Using XSENSOR’s X3 Pro V6.0 test system, human body pressure distribution and subjective comfort evaluation of different sitting height of 6 objects were tested.

Chen, H. Song, H. et al (2013) Volume 655-657, Pages 2088-2092, Advanced Materials Research. Through the study of the seat size parameter change on the body pressure distribution effect, the powerful references to comfort design of an office chair were explored. By using XSENSOR X3 Pro V6 test system, human body pressure distribution and subjective comfort evaluation in different back angle of objects were tested.

Higer, S. James, T. Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 41-49, Journal of Tissue Viability. Interface pressure mapping pilot study to select surfaces that effectively redistribute pediatric occiptal pressure. Raw pressure mapping data was captured by using the XSENSOR software and exported to assess interface pressure for wheelchair and if they are adequate to measure pediatric occipital pressure and compare pressure-redistributing effects. Higer_James Interface Pressure Mapping Pilot Study

Billington, A. (2014) Graduate Theses and Dissertations, University of South Florida. The three goals of this research were to investigate how normal subjects move while seated, how paraplegic patients move while seated, and whether seated movements can be modeled using a hemi-ellipsoid shape.

Albert, WJ. Everson, D. et al (2011) Occupational Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick. This study was designed to examine the musculoskeletal and biomechanical stresses experienced by urban bus drivers. The main objective was to obtain a baseline understanding of sitting posture, muscle activation and subjective ratings of stress during regular driving tasks.

Mandala, M. (2011) Engineering Dissertations and Theses, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kansas. Ulceration due to pressure can occur in any individual who is restricted to a prolonged stay in bed or a chair with no pressure relief. Intermittent pressure relief has been recommended as a means to lower the risk of pressure ulcer development. Active cushions cyclically change the area of exposure to pressure.

Hemmes, B. Brink, P. et al (2014) Volume 45.11, Pages 1741-1746, Injury. Immobilization of the spine of patients with trauma at risk of spinal damage is usually performed using a rigid long spineboard or vacuum mattress, both during prehospital and in-hospital care. However, disadvantages of these immobilization devices in terms of discomfort and tissue-interface pressures have guided the development of soft-layered long spineboards. 

Kirkland-Walsh, H. Teleten, O. et al (2015) Volume 102.1, Pages 61.e1-61.e9, AORN Journal. The aim of this study was to measure and compare four different OR surfaces to find the most effective pressure redistribution surface for prolonged OR procedures.

Peterson,M. Gravenstein, N. et al. (2013) Volume 50, Number 4 JRRD. This article explores how repositioning patients regularly to prevent pressure ulcers and reduce interface pressures is the stardard of care, yet prior work has found that standard repositioning does not relieve all areas of at-risk tissue in nondisabled subjects. Matthew_Peterson_Repositioning_Patients_Pressure_Ulcer_Risk.pdf

Peterson, M. Kahn, J. Kerrigan, M.et al (2015) Volume 52 Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. This article examines how patient handling slings and lifts reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries for healthcare providers. However, no published evidence exists of their safety with respect to pressure ulceration for vulnerable populations, specifically persons with spinal cord injury, nor do any studies compare slings for pressure distribution. http://www.rehab.research.va.gov/jour/2015/523/jrrd-2014-06-0140.html 

Wong, H. Kaufman, J. Baylis, B. et al (2015) Trials Journal. This article examines how interface pressure is a key risk factor in the development of pressure ulcers. Visual feedback of continuous interface pressure between the body and support surface could inform clinicians on repositioning strategies and play a key role in an overall strategy for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers. http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/16/1/434 

Marcellus, L. (2004) Neonatal Network, Number 1, 25-30(6). This article explores the skin-surface distributions and points of maximal pressure that are generated by healthy premature infants in the supine, prone, and right side-lying positions. XSENSOR pressure mapping is used to assess four medically stable premature infants of 34 weeks postconceptional age.

Smith, R. (2007) Rehab Management. This article explores how rehab professionals attempt to best serve their clients' needs in an uncertain reimbursement climate.

Yuen HK. Garret D. (2001) American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 55. 470-5. The study compares the effectiveness of three commonly prescribed wheelchair cushions (Roho, Jay, and Pindot). XSENSOR pressure mapping was used to evaluate the cushions and compare them at initial baseline and final treatment phases.

Glazer, D. (2003) Spinal Cord Injury Update. University of Washington School of Medicine. 12. 1. This article discusses the importance and techniques of properly fitting an SCI patient with a wheelchair. XSENSOR pressure mapping is used to help assess the seating surface and the positioning and adjustment of the wheelchair.

Parry, E. This report aims to unite information on pressure sore aetiology, pressure risk assessment scales, support surface technologies, and pressure mapping with clinical expertise to create a useful resource for clinicians.

Shechtman, O., Hanson, C. Garret D., Dunn, P. (2001) The Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 21, 19-48. Researchers compare six different wheelchair cushions and whether these differences are related to the subject's body mass. Pressure measurements are conducted with the XSENSOR pressure mapping system.

Lowe A. Lakes R.S. (2000) Cellular Polymus, 19, 157-167, Foam processing techniques are investigated in seat cushioning. Seated pressure distributions improved as foam sample densities decreased.

Call, E. & Baker, L.. Journal of Tissue Viability (2007) 17: 22-29. Researchers used an XSENSOR system to test the influence of bed frame design on interface pressures, including the change in patient interface pressures caused by tilt and elevation.

King, Cecil A. & Bridges, Elizabeth. Perioperative Nursing Clinics. (2006) 1: 261–265. Researchers used an XSENSOR system to examine the pressure-relieving properties of different materials and designs of operating room surfaces. 

Turpin, P.G. & Pemberton, V. Journal of Wound, Ostomy & Continence Nursing. (2006), 33(4): 381-8. An XSENSOR system was used to analyze interface pressures as pillows were used to prop up patients lying in hospital beds, while using continuous lateral rotation therapy for pressure management.

Keller, B.P.J.A. et al. Tissue. International Journal of the Care of the Injured. (2005) 36: 946-948.Three different types of trauma patient support surfaces were evaluated with an XSENSOR system.

Fader, M., Bain, D., & Cottenden, A. Journal of Advanced Nursing (2004), 48(6): 569–574. Using an XSENSOR system, researchers examined how the use of incontinence pads on top of hospital mattresses influenced the ability of the mattresses to manage pressure.

Hardin JB. Cronin SN. Cahill K. Ostomy Wound Management, 46, 50-6. The purpose of the research was to measure and compare the effectiveness of a dynamic low air loss (LAL) mattress with a static fluid mattress in reducing the risk of pressure ulcers.

Fader M. Bain D. Cottenden A. (2004) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48, 569–74. The paper investigates the effects of absorbent pads on the pressure relieving properties of standard and pressure management mattresses. Pressure mapping was used to record the distribution of pressure over the sacral and ischial areas.

Bain D. Ferguson-Pell M. McLeod A. (2003) Journal of Wound Care, 12, 231-5. The research attempts to compare and rank different mattresses using XSENSOR's pressure mapping system. Five mattresses are compared using different performance indices.

Bain D. Ferguson-Pell M. Davies P. (2001) Journal of Tissue Viability, 11, 161-5. The authors investigate the lifespan of hospital mattresses primarily made with polymer foam materials. With repeated use, mattresses show signs of fatigue, resulting in the occupant coming in close contact with the hard bottom. Over 150 hospital mattresses are tested to measure these effects. Pressure mapping is used to measure the effect of bottoming.

Deane, L.A. et al. Journal of Endourology. (2008), 22 (6): 1147-1151. With an XSENSOR system, researchers examined how interface pressures during renal surgery were affected by factors such as body mass index (BMI), gender, position and table surface material.

Jacobson T.M., Tescher, A.N. & Miers, A.G.. Journal of Nursing Quality Care. (2008), 23 (3): 283–288. Researchers examined interface pressures between patients and different cervical collar designs using an XSENSOR system, with the goal of reducing the incidence of occipital pressure ulcers.

Liao Y.C. et al. Spine. (2007), 32 (26): 3014-9. Testing results from an XSENSOR system were used to modify the design of a Boston brace for patients with specific types of scoliosis, resulting in a lighter brace without any loss of corrective effect.

Gil-Agudo, A. et al. Clinical Biomechanics. (2009), 24: 558–563. The researchers used an XSENSOR pressure imaging system to analyze the mechanical characteristics of a number of commonly prescribed wheelchair cushions made from different materials.

Dong-A Kim et al. Archive of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. (2008), 89: E120.Using an XSENSOR system, the researchers observed how interface pressures changed when wheelchair users pushed on their wheels to propel the chair.

Makhsous, M. et al. Archive of Physical Medicine and Rehabiltation. (2007), 88: 862-870. An XSENSOR system was used to evaluate an alternative pressure-relieving protocol for wheelchair users that involves a sitting posture that reduces ischial support.

Vos, G.A. et al. Applied Ergonomics. (2006), 37: 619–628. Using an XSENSOR system, the researchers examined how postural and design factors can influence the interface pressures exerted by individuals sitting on office chairs.

Parkinson, M.B., Chaffin, D.B. & Reed, M.P. Clinical Biomechanics. (2006) 26–32.An XSENSOR system was used to observe how interface pressures shifted as seated patients performed a lateral reaching task.

Dunk, N.M. & Callaghan, J.P. Clinical Biomechanics. (2005), 20: 1101–1110. The researchers used XSENSOR pressure imaging technology to determine gender differences in seated postures on office chairs.

Motamedi, S.M. Grood, J. et al (2012) Volume 21, Issue 11, Journal of Wound Care. This article assesses the impact of continuous pressure imaging technology on strategic turning of patients by health professionals.


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